Viking Mariner 6 & 7 THEMIS CRISM



Mariners 6 and 7 both flew by Mars in the summer of 1969, each returned far and near views of planet. These data represent a snapshot of the position and extent of time variable albedo features on Mars at that time. Additionally the Mariners 6 and 7 images have great historical significance in that they clearly showed that Mars heavily cratered similar to our Moon, but that its surface was also fundamentally different than that of the Moon.

We have restored these data to a useful format to provide ready digital access to these images for researchers, historians, and anyone simply interested in Mars. The first step in restoration was locating the digital data -- this was accomplished with a little detective work by A. Hochstettler-Culver at JPL who located the images on old fashioned 7 track reel-to-reel tape (with no documentation). Working with R. MacKey, also at JPL, the data were transfered to 9 track tapes in their original IBM format. These data were then decoded and brought into a usable modern format as a student project by E. Green and D. Larson under the direction of E. Eliason at the USGS in Flagstaff. Finally, we have converted these intermediate products to ISIS format and in cooperation with Kay Edwards (Q&D Programming) camera pointing was restored that allows the images to be transformed into a map product and used for scientific interpretation. A laborious process of manual ground control point and least squares fitting was utilized to navigate the images by J. Edmonds and M. Robinson (Northwestern University). For details concerning these images and referencing use of image products please refer to 2003 LPSC abstract (direct link to pdf version) .

More information concerning the Mariner 6 and 7 missions may be found in The Mariner 6 and 7 Pictures of Mars, NASA SP-263, 1971, by Stewart A. Collins, and Mariner 6 and 7 Photographic Data, NSSDC 71-09, March 1971.

Mariner 7 Mars Rotation 10 Degree Movie 700 Kbytes
Mariner 7 Mars Rotation 1 Degree Movie 7 Mbytes


A summary of the images recovered to date are presented in the form of thumbnails (below). Think of these as similar to photographic contact sheets. A data table listing the parameters for all the far encounter images is available here in pdf format.
 

Mariner 6 Far Encounter Thumbnails (page 1)

Mariner 6 Far Encounter Thumbnails (page 2)
 

Mariner 7 Far Encounter Thumbnails (page 1)

Mariner 7 Far Encounter Thumbnails (page 2)

Mariner 7 Far Encounter Thumbnails (page 3)

Mariner 7 Far Encounter Thumbnails (page 4)
 
 



 

MARINER 6 AND 7 NEAR ENCOUNTER IMAGES


  Below are all the Mariner 6 and 7 Near Encounter Images that we were able to recover from the 7 track tapes. In some cases there were 2 versions of an image and they are indicated with a _2 after the name. Below each image is link to an ascii file containing the parameter data contained in short headers found with each image. A complete description of the images and parameters can be found in The Mariner 6 and 7 Pictures of Mars, NASA SP-263, 1971, by Stewart A. Collins, and Mariner 6 and 7 Photographic Data, NSSDC 71-09, March 1971.

NEAR ENCOUNTER THUMBNAIL Pages

Mariner 6 Near Encounter Thumbnails (page 1)

Mariner 7 Near Encounter Thumbnails (page 1)

Mariner 7 Near Encounter Thumbnails (page 2)
 
 

MARINER 6 NEAR ENCOUNTER FULL RESOLUTION IMAGES

Click on the icons to get full resolution images.
 
mariner_6n02
mariner_6n03
mariner_6n04
mariner_6n05
mariner_6n06
mariner_6n07
mariner_6n08
mariner_6n09
mariner_6n10_2
mariner_6n10
mariner_6n11
mariner_6n12_2
mariner_6n12
mariner_6n13
mariner_6n14_2
mariner_6n14
mariner_6n15
mariner_6n16_2
mariner_6n16
mariner_6n17
mariner_6n18_2
mariner_6n18
mariner_6n19
mariner_6n20
mariner_6n21
mariner_6n22
mariner_6n23
mariner_6n24
mariner_6n25

MARINER 7 NEAR ENCOUNTER FULL RESOLUTION IMAGES

Click on the icons to get full resolution images.
 
mariner_7n01 mariner_7n02 mariner_7n03_2 mariner_7n03
mariner_7n04 mariner_7n05_2 mariner_7n05 mariner_7n06
mariner_7n07_2 mariner_7n07 mariner_7n08 mariner_7n09_b
mariner_7n09 mariner_7n10 mariner_7n11_2 mariner_7n11
mariner_7n12 mariner_7n13_2 mariner_7n13 mariner_7n14
mariner_7n15_2 mariner_7n16 mariner_7n17_2 mariner_7n17
mariner_7n18 mariner_7n19_2 mariner_7n19 mariner_7n20
mariner_7n21_2 mariner_7n21 mariner_7n22 mariner_7n23_2
mariner_7n23 mariner_7n24 mariner_7n25_2 mariner_7n27
mariner_7n28 mariner_7n29 mariner_7n30 mariner_7n31
mariner_7n32

UNIX compressed tar file of Mariner 6 near encounter images. Same images as those above, but all in one tar file for those wanting to grab all at once (15 Mbytes).

UNIX compressed tar file of Mariner 7 near encounter images. Same images as those above, but all in one tar file for those wanting to grab all at once (20 Mbytes).



UNIX compressed tar file of raw data as cloned from 7 track tapes, probably not useful to most users (untar: tar -xzvf RAW.tgz). To download this file click your right mouse button, then select the "Save Link as....". WARNING: This file is 102 Mbytes.

Space Exploration Resources ~ School of Earth and Space Exploration ~ Arizona State University